Wilcox, Ella Wheeler (5 Nov. 1850-30 Oct. 1919), poetess, was born at Johnstown Center, Wisconsin, daughter of Marius Hartwell Wheeler, a teacher of the violin, and was educated at the University of Wisconsin. Before she was 10 she had written a novel; soon she was writing two poems a day, and by the time she was 18 her earnings from her pen were substantial. Her earliest book of verse was a collection of temperance poems, Drops of Water (1872), which was followed by Shells (1873) and Maurine (1876), a narrative poem. Her first great success was with Poems of Passion (1883), which were criticized as immoral, though they seem very innocuous to a later age. In 1884 she married Robert Marius Wilcox, a silversmith, and they settled at Meriden, Connecticut. She traveled widely, and in 1913 was presented at Court in England. During the First World War she gave readings of her poems in army camps. She took her work most seriously, and published in all nearly 40 volumes. She was also interested in spiritualism and theosophy. The Story of a Literary Career (1905) and The Worlds and I (1918) are autobiographical.